Posted by: wockhardthospitals | August 8, 2009

Simple Ways To Deal With Cardiac Emergency

New studies have been performed and they have found that chest compressions are more important for the first few minutes than respirations for adults in cardiac arrest. What does this mean? Simple, you no longer have to worry about that uneasy feeling of giving mouth to mouth to a complete stranger. Instead if you provide good chest compressions the benefits of continuous compressions helps to keep the blood flowing as the average adult has up to 6 minutes of oxygen in their blood stream from the time they stop breathing.

image source:abeyworldpress, click image to learn more

The steps to follow are simple:

a) Call for help
b) Check to see if person is responsive (shake them and yell at them to get their attention)
c) If there is no response check for breathing
d) Check for a pulse
e) If no pulse is present then place the heel of your hand between the nipple line in the center of the chest, and place the other hand directly on top interlacing your fingers
f) Perform chest compressions at a depth of about 2 inches with your arms straight and elbows locked
g) Come completely off the chest with your hands, letting the chest fully recoil
h) Repeat at a rate of 100 times per minute
I) Continue until someone shows up with an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) [if they have an AED they should know how to properly use it]
j) Once the Paramedics arrive and take over care of the person feel good about yourself for a doing a job well done and you deserve it.

For children it is still recommended to give them mouth to mouth as children tend to die due to Respiratory Arrest (meaning they stop breathing) rather than Cardiac Arrest (heart stops). Because of this children require the mouth to mouth in order to have a chance at living.

(The above article has been written by Dr Shantisagar R Vidya, Consultant Cardiologist, Wockhardt Hospitals, Mumbai)

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